The Locarno Agreement
The Treaties of Locarno were seven agreements negotiated from 5 to 16 October 1925 in Locarno (Switzerland) and officially signed on 1 December in London, in which Western European allies of the First World War and the new states of Central and Eastern Europe attempted to ensure territorial settlement after the war, in exchange for the normalization of relations with the German Empire (Weimar Republic). It was also said that Germany would never go to war with other countries. Locarno divided Europe`s borders into two categories: the western borders guaranteed by the Locarno contracts and the East German borders with Poland, which were open for revision. Locarno Pact (December 1, 1925), a series of agreements by which Germany, France, Belgium, Great Britain and Italy mutually guaranteed peace in Western Europe. The contracts were signed on October 16 in Locarno, Switz. Signed in London on 1 December. German Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann has given the highest priority to restoring German prestige and The privileges of a First European nation. The French withdrawal from the Ruhr occupation was planned for January 1925, but Stresemann felt that France was very nervous about its safety and could cancel the withdrawal. After understanding that France was eager for a British guarantee of its post-war borders, but that London was hesitant, Stresemann came up with a plan that conveyed to all parties what they wanted: a series of contracts promised these guarantees. When the British Foreign Secretary, Austen Chamberlain, heard this proposal, he enthusiastically accepted it. France understood that its occupation of the Ruhr had caused a great deal of financial and diplomatic damage.  In October 1925, the foreign ministers met in Locarno, Switzerland, where they agreed on the treaties. Between 1923 and 1929, Germany experienced a golden age under the Weimar Republic.
Leader Gustav Stresemann helped secure U.S. loans for economic reconstruction and international agreements that helped rebuild Germany`s place among the world`s leading nations. Why were the Stresemann years considered a golden age? The agreements (1) consisted of a contract of mutual guarantees between Germany, Belgium, France, the United Kingdom and Italy; (2) arbitration contracts between Germany and Belgium, as well as between Germany and France; 3. a communication by the former Allies to Germany declaring the application of sanctions against a state, as provided for in Article 16 of the League of Nations Pact; (4) arbitration contracts between Germany and Czechoslovakia, as well as between Germany and Poland; and (5) guarantee contracts between France and Poland, as well as between France and Czechoslovakia.